Java多线程:ThreadPoolExecutor+BlockingQueue线程池示例详解

培训教学 潘老师 5个月前 (11-11) 137 ℃ (0) 扫码查看

本文主要讲解Java多线程:ThreadPoolExecutor+BlockingQueue线程池示例,我们来一起看下代码吧!

首先定义扩展线程池ExtThreadPoolExecutor

ExtThreadPoolExecutor作用是对线程池的增强,如在初始化线程池时、在线程执行前、执行后等处可添加自定义逻辑。

public class ExtThreadPoolExecutor extends ThreadPoolExecutor{
   
     

    public ExtThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, int maximumPoolSize, long keepAliveTime, TimeUnit unit, BlockingQueue<Runnable> workQueue) {
        super(corePoolSize, maximumPoolSize, keepAliveTime, unit, workQueue);
        init();
    }

    public ExtThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, int maximumPoolSize, long keepAliveTime, TimeUnit unit,
            BlockingQueue<Runnable> workQueue, RejectedExecutionHandler handler) {
        super(corePoolSize, maximumPoolSize, keepAliveTime, unit, workQueue, handler);
        init();
    }

    public ExtThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, int maximumPoolSize, long keepAliveTime, TimeUnit unit,
            BlockingQueue<Runnable> workQueue, ThreadFactory threadFactory, RejectedExecutionHandler handler) {
        super(corePoolSize, maximumPoolSize, keepAliveTime, unit, workQueue, threadFactory, handler);
        init();
    }

    public ExtThreadPoolExecutor(int corePoolSize, int maximumPoolSize, long keepAliveTime, TimeUnit unit,
            BlockingQueue<Runnable> workQueue, ThreadFactory threadFactory) {
        super(corePoolSize, maximumPoolSize, keepAliveTime, unit, workQueue, threadFactory);
        init();
    }

    private void init(){
        System.out.println("ExtThreadPoolExecutor init......");
    }

    @Override
    protected void beforeExecute(Thread t, Runnable r) {
        System.out.println("beforeExecute......   begin" );
        super.beforeExecute(t, r);
        System.out.println("beforeExecute......   end" );
    }

    @Override
    protected void afterExecute(Runnable r, Throwable t) {
        System.out.println("afterExecute......   begin" );
        super.afterExecute(r, t);
        System.out.println("afterExecute......   end" );
    }

}

定义任务队列WorkQueue

通过BlockingQueue存放任务线程,该处使用生产者、消费者模式。

public class WorkQueue {
    private volatile static BlockingQueue<WorkEvent> queue;

    private WorkQueue(){}

    /**
     * 初始化队列,延迟初始化,其实也可使用内部类单例模式
     */
    private static void init(){

        if(queue == null){
            System.out.println("WorkQueue.queue null  init........");
            synchronized (WorkQueue.class) {
                System.out.println("WorkQueue.queue after synchronized still null  init........");
                if (queue == null) {
                    queue = new LinkedBlockingDeque<WorkEvent>();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static  void putWorkEvent(WorkEvent workEvent){
        init();
        try {
            queue.put(workEvent);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println("WorkQueue.putWorkEvent  fail........");
        }
    }

    public static BlockingQueue<WorkEvent> getQueue() {
        return queue;
    }

}

业务处理

public class EventHandler {

    /**
     * 处理业务
     * @param workEvent
     */
    public static void handle(WorkEvent workEvent){
        System.out.println("正在处理,workNo=[" + workEvent.getWorkNo() + "]");
    }
}

工作线程:
消费者端,阻塞接收消息,并将消息传给实际需要者。

public class WorkThread implements Runnable{
   
     
    @Override
    public void run() {
        while (true) {
            try {
                WorkEvent workEvent = WorkQueue.getQueue().take();
                System.out.println("ThreadName["  +  Thread.currentThread().getName() +  "], 获取到workEvent,workNo=[" + workEvent.getWorkNo() + "], ready handle");
                EventHandler.handle(workEvent);
                System.out.println("ThreadName["  +  Thread.currentThread().getName() +  "], 获取到workEvent,workNo=[" + workEvent.getWorkNo() + "], finish handle");
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

消息实体

public class WorkEvent implements Serializable{
   
     

    private static final long serialVersionUID = -1739230985770176506L;

    /**
     * 任务编号
     */
    private String workNo;

    /**
     * 执行次数
     */
    private AtomicInteger num;

    public WorkEvent(String workNo) {
        this.workNo = workNo;
        this.num = new AtomicInteger(0);
    }

    public String getWorkNo() {
        return workNo;
    }

    public void setWorkNo(String workNo) {
        this.workNo = workNo;
    }

    public AtomicInteger getNum() {
        return num;
    }

    public void setNum() {
        this.num.incrementAndGet();
    }

}

调用示例:

public class StartWork {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        System.out.println("准备放任务线程");
        int workNum = 6;
        for (int i = 0; i < workNum; i++) {
            WorkEvent workEvent = new WorkEvent("任务线程" + i);
            WorkQueue.putWorkEvent(workEvent);
        }

        // 初始化线程池
        ExtThreadPoolExecutor executor = new ExtThreadPoolExecutor(5, 5, 0L, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS, new LinkedBlockingQueue<Runnable>());
        // 先准备工作线程
        System.out.println("准备五个工作线程");
        executor.execute(new WorkThread());
        executor.execute(new WorkThread());
        executor.execute(new WorkThread());
        executor.execute(new WorkThread());
        executor.execute(new WorkThread());

        try {
            Thread.sleep(10000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        System.out.println("10s后 。。。 准备放任务线程");
        for (int i = 0; i < workNum; i++) {
            WorkEvent workEvent = new WorkEvent("10s 后 任务线程" + i);
            WorkQueue.putWorkEvent(workEvent);
        }
    }
}

结果输出:代码大体流程:消息定义成实体WorkEvent,放入WorkQueue中,然后由ExtThreadPoolExecutor线程池开启接收端线程WorkThread,由WorkThread获取消息,并通知实际需要者EventHandler,EventHandler处理消息。

以上就是Java多线程:ThreadPoolExecutor+BlockingQueue线程池示例详解的全部内容,希望对你有帮助!


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